The Trivium is comprised of these three subjects: Grammar, Logic, and Rhetoric.
The Quadrivium is comprised of these four subjects: Arithmetic, Geometry, Music, and Astronomy.
The Trivium is concerned with a foundational liberal education; enabling one to communicate and understand their own thoughts and those of others in written, oral, or other form (meta-learning). Note that the Trivium does not adhere to a specific language; ideally the course of study would include multiple languages.
The definition of the Quadrivium given earlier is antiquated and in need of reevaluation. Arithmetic should give way to the broader topic of Mathematics, Geometry should give way to The Reciprocal System of Theory (Geometry is to be encompassed by Mathematics), Psychology (particularly, Jungian, and Spiral Dynamics) to replace Music, and Theosophy to replace Astronomy. Music and Astronomy, while important, are subjects not critical to personal evolution.
Thus, the Quadrivium is now modeled as: Mathematics, RS/RS2, Psychology, and Theosophy.
I am using these two definitions (The Trivium and Quadrivium) because they coincide well with our present understanding of the densities: the Trivium enables the gathering and expression of knowledge for choice, Third Density; and the Quadrivium enables the skills and knowledge for Individuation and interaction with the Social Memory Complex, Fourth Density.
Education and learning should be entirely self directed (autodidactic). The desire to learn is elicited through project based learning; small, quantifiable goals (projects) defined by the person provide direction and interest. Topics and subject matter for learning are defined by what is necessary to complete the project; this is a top down, recursive process implemented within the framework of the Trivium and the Quadrivium. "Extra" subject matter is added on a per-project basis (or overall interest of the student's).
Extra subject matter is considered anything other than that contained within the Trivium and Quadrivium definitions; Psionics, Music, Carpentry, Engineering (all sub-forms), Gardening, the Arts, the Sciences, &c...
Necessity is no longer the motivator; desire, purpose, and interest are the inspiration. There is a minute but important difference between motivation (external) and inspiration (internal).
Within this structure, we can define a set of methods and tools for effective, perspicuous, and efficient learning:
- clarify goals
- gain knowledge through spaced repetition
- preserve health
- work steadily
- minimize stress
- refuse interruption
- never resist sleep when tired
Knowledge through spaced repetition ensures that knowledge gained in reading, dialogue, or introspection is not forgotten (see: Spaced Repetition and Forgetting Curve). Tools for this are: Mnemosyne and 20 Rules of Formulating Knowledge. Mnemonic devices and liberal use of mnemonics is also useful.
Preserving health is easy with proper discipline. Diet, physical exertion, and rest are crucial. Diet should consist of whole foods and preferably organic foods that contain the necessary nutrients and vitamins for your body and brain. Physical exercise/exertion can be had through the gym (less preferable), an activity (sailing, martial arts, dancing, hiking), and/or manual labor (digging, building, &c...). Rest can be had through sleep, meditation, and relaxing activities.
Working steadily requires longevity, vision (the goal/project should be framed within your purpose or vision) and discipline. Meditation and affirmation of goals assists with "slowing/calming down".
Minimize stress: follow your bliss and do not over-extend commitments.
Refuse interruption: maintain discipline and psychic space; people pleasers have a hard time with this.
Never resist sleep when tired. (self explanatory)
These methods, tools, and structure I've developed and synthesized over time to assist me with my self education. I am an INTJ (MBTI personality typing) type, so these methods and tools may be biased towards the introverted and intellectual. Kinesthetic learners may develop a manual framework (using building toys or something), auditory learners may do best to develop a dialectic framework, and visual learners may do well to develop an artistic representation/framework.
This is a quick/rough draft and only intended to help others that may want a more rigorous self education and don't necessarily know how to start with a useful routine.